Q.11: What are different powers available to Prime Minister of England(1999-A)
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In British, there is parliamentary from of government. The Prime Minister being the head of the State occupies a very important position. He is rightly called the Keystone of the Cabinet arch. He is the outstanding personality in England. According to the conventions of the country Prime Minister must belongs to house of commons.
2- position Of Prime Minister In Britain.
The Prime Minister of England occupies a Unique position in the Government.
I. Lord Morely Says:
“Prime Minister is the Keystone of the cabinet arch.”
II. Marriot Says:
“Prime Minister is the political Ruler of England.”
III. According To OGG:
“Prime Minister is moon among the Starts.”
IV. According To Prof. Laski:
“He is the Pivot around which the entire government machinery revolves.”
V. Prof. Munro Says:
“Prime Minister is the captain of the State.”
3- Evolution Of Office Of Prime Minister:
The Office of Prime Minister is a result of mere accident. Robert Walpole was the First Prime Minister of U.K. who has commissioned to preside over the meetings of the Cabinet because George I did not know English Language. But not until 1878 did the term “Prime Minister” makes its appearance in any public document. It was in the treaty of Berlin that the Lord Beaconsfield was referred to as “First Lord of Her Majesty’ s Treasury. Prime Minister of U.K” then the Act of 1917 and Act of 1937 recognise the office of Prime Minister.
4- Appointment Of Prime Minister:
The Prime Minister is appointed by the King. After the general election in the country the King invites the person who has majority in the house to from the government.
5- Functions And Powers Of Prime Minister:
Following are the powers and important functions of the Prime Minister.
I. Leadership Of The Cabinet:
Prime Minister is the leader of his Cabinet. He is dominating personality in the cabinet. He appoints the minister. The agenda of Cabinet is prepared under his guidance.
II. Leadership Of The House Of Commons:
The Prime Minister is leader of House of commons. He represent cabinet in the house of commons. He is the chief spokesman of the government and all important announcement in the house are made by him.
III. Source Of Communication Between King And Cabinet:
The Prime Minister is a source of communication between King and cabinet. He plays a vital role between King and Cabinet.
IV. Control Over Foreign Affairs:
The Prime Minister controls over foreign affairs. He formulates foreign policies. He also attends international conference.
V. Power Of Appointment:
Important appointment are made by the crown on the advice of the Prime Minister he can appoint:
(i) Ambassadors of Country.
(ii) Diplomatic representative.
(iii) Governor-General of dominions.
(iv) Governor of Colonies.
(v) Finance Minister
(vi) Member of Cabinet.
(vii) Civil and Military Officer.
VI. National Leader:
The Prime Minister is the national leader of the country. He makes all policies for his country. He is the leader of his people.
VII. Chairman Of Various Bodies:
The Prime Minister is the Chairman of various bodies. He is the ex-officio chairman of the important committees.
VIII. Acknowledged Leader Of His Party:
The prime Minister is the acknowledge leader of his party which is the majority party in the parliament.
IX. Chief Adviser Of The Crown:
The Prime Minister is the Chief Adviser of the Crown. He gives advises on important matters.
X. POWER Of Dissolution:
The Prime Minister is the only person who is authorized to advise the king to dissolve the house of commons. Prime Minister should consult the cabinet on the issue of dissolution.
XI. Policy Maker:
The Prime Minister is the Policy maker. All important policies are made by him.
XII. Settlement Of Disputes:
The Prime Minister settle the disputes between the different departments of the governments.
To conclude, I can say, that the British Prime Minister is a great force in U.K. He is the representative of the nation in the Parliament and as Prof. Laski says “The British Prime Minister can do what the German Emperor and the American President and all chairman in the Committees in U.S Congress cannot do for he can alter the law or repeal it and can direct all the forces of the State”.
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