Abraham Lincoln once defined'democracy'as the government of the
people,by the people for the people'.It means that democratic
form of government common man plays the pivotal role.The aristcracy,
the landlords and the politicians have to work according to the wishes
of the common man.The main object of their political activities is thus
the welfare,betterment and amelioration of the poor masses of the country
who electthem as their representatives and to whom they are answerable for
their duties and responsibilities.In many parts of the world this from of
government has been adopted very successfull.Americr and India can be cited
tow brightb examples of democracy.The President indirectly Participate in
the working of the government.The President is responsible for all his
decisions and actions to the Congress that comprises the representatives of
the people.The policy of 'check and balance'is followed to prevent the three
pillars of government i.e.legislature,executive and judiciary to trespass their
limits.Thus the people of America are enjoying the fruits of democracy fully as
they have their due share in the functions of the government.They have freedom
to express their views and opinions in a proper manner.They have also an easy
access to justice and can defend their rights.It is true that the essence of
democracy lies in the well being of the masses and their participation in the
functions of the government.But it is a pity that in developing and under
developing countries like Pakistan democracy is used as a weapon against the
people.In these countries democracy has bred and encouraged hatred,hooliganism
and witch hunting.The main cause of the failure of democracy in these countries
is that education is not common here.People are mostly illiterate and are ignorant
of their rights and responsibilitiesThe people they choose in elections as their
representatives,the rulers and the law makers of the country are usually the big
landlords or industrialists who have no concern with education,independent thinking
and pure patriotic feelings.they grab power with the sole aim of making people their
slaves so that they may multiply their wealth by fair or unfair means.This wealth
is then used for personal ostentation,luxurious living and sensual pleasures.In
Pakistan,sectarianism,illiteracy,bradry system and poor economic condition have deteriorated
our social and political structure.Most of the so-called politicians and law makers
are illiterate.Their pockets are full of money but their minds are devoid of wisdom.
The law makers are the law breakers.They themselvesare involved in such heinous
crimes as mu